Low Noise Underground Laboratory (LSBB)

The LSBB is a "Joint Service Unit" under the pluri-tutelle of the University of Nice - Sophia-Antipolis (UNS), the University of Avignon and Pays de Vaucluse (UAPV), the CNRS, Aix-Marseille University (AMU) and the Observatory of Côte d'Azur (OCA).

This is a set of sub-horizontal underground galleries dug into the Grande Montagne limestone massif, on the southern edge of the Albion plateau, in the commune of Rustrel (Vaucluse), which has many qualities (natural and geological environment preserved, non-displaceable and sustainable), and properties (infrastructure inherited from the military site), making this Research and Development platform unique.

The LSBB is a federating platform that promotes academic and industrial synergies and brings together industrialists, competitive clusters and national and international research organizations.

The Low Noise Underground Laboratory develops 3 main functions:

  • hosting and accommodation of academic and industrial activities;
  • hosting and development of multidisciplinary observations in the framework of national and international observation networks;
  • initiation and promotion of exploratory interdisciplinary research projects.
Skills and know-how

- Sustainable management of groundwater resources and global changes.
- Demonstration of monitoring technologies.
- Instrumentation for exploitation and storage in geological reservoirs
- Integration into national networks of seismological, magnetic, hydrogeological and geodesic observatories
- Real-time data dissemination to national and international organizations
- Observation and modelling of electromagnetic phenomena
- Integration in the TELERAY network for radioactivity alert for national security
- Metrology, instrumentation, measurement protocols
- Test facilities to develop, calibrate and characterize high sensitivity sensors
- Measurement protocols for multiphysical environmental characterization
- Geological, hydrogeological, electromagnetic, radiative, electronic risks
- Consortium Archive du Monde Contemporain, TGIR HUMA-NUM, Humanité Numérique
- Labelled as part of the 20th century heritage of the military works of the Albion plateau.

Specific equipment

  • Environment:
- low level of anthropic disturbance;
- unique geological analogue of Urgonian oil fields in the Middle East;
- access from the surface to the deep unsaturated zone of a major karst aquifer;
- in the heart of the major seismogenic zone of Provence.
  • Infrastructure:
- preserved surface access (54 ha) and underground access (~ 4 km);
- fully equipped (galleries, cavities and underground spaces);
- EM armoured capsule of 1240 m3 at 518 m depth.
  • A platform for research and R&D:
- ultra-sensitive experiments <=> low anthropogenic disturbance;
- large underground volumes;
- surface / bottom synchronization (GPS, FO Internet);
- environmental monitoring and low noise properties.
Url: http://www.lsbb.eu

Date of update May 28, 2021